In the kitesurf group, there were fractures of the dens, L3 vertebral body, olecranon, scaphoid, tibial plateau, and talus. This is a retrospective study carried out according to a study protocol approved by the local medical ethics committee. purchase research papers tourism Footnotes Institutional review board statement:
These factors might result in injury rates that are reported higher than they actually are. Windsurfing has been a popular water sport for over three decades. buying a research paper parts of introduction B, B Grade C Good:
In , the total number of kitesurfers worldwide was estimated at around , with inflatable kites sold that same year according to an in-depth worldwide industry survey[ 7 ]. Whichever academic level you are studying at, simply tell us and we can make sure that the paper is written accordingly. top essay writing promo code Our support staff love helping our customers and they will be more than happy to answer all of your questions. Kitesurfing resulted in a significantly higher injury rate than windsurfing in the same environmental conditions but the severity of the injuries did not differ. However, the unpredictability might also impose a key factor in the risks associated with these sports.
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In the kitesurf group, there were fractures of the dens, L3 vertebral body, olecranon, scaphoid, tibial plateau, and talus. These properties might be the reasons why these sports are so popular. Despite the increasing popularity and possible dangers of this sport, little is known about injury prevalence or prevention[ 8 ]. To our knowledge, this is the first study that directly compares kitesurfing and windsurfing in the same weather and environmental conditions, giving a unique insight in the injuries associated with these sports.
There are literally hundreds of sites offering this online service, but we believe that here at Academized. Check the discount here. Support Center Support Center. However, some reports did analyse kitesurfing injuries and even reported fatal accidents[ 9 - 12 ]. However, only still a small percentage of the athletes use protective equipment, as is shown in our study as well as previous studies[ 8 , 11 ].
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. McCormick et al[ 4 ] in found an injury rate of 0. In the windsurf group, 32 injuries occurred during a total of windsurfing hours during the study period of 2 years. Nielsen AB, Yde J. Some other reports have analysed kitesurfing injuries and even reported fatal accidents.
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The injury rates in this study were calculated retrospectively. Most patients sustained minor injuries but severe injuries also occurred, including vertebral and tibial plateau fractures. customer engagement essay Make sure you order using our discount!
We want the process of buying a research paper to be simple, quick and satisfactory to you, our customer. For windsurfing, the skill level was assessed by the study participants according to the following scale: Dyson et al[ 1 ] reported a relatively high incidence of lower back problems amongst windsurfers and stated a possible role for back exercises in the prevention of these injuries. thesis writing in pakistan lanka These data provide another handle for prevention, with focus on education and awareness regarding the risk of injury during launching and landing the kite. A prospective kitesurf study showed an injury rate of 7 injuries per h of practicing the sport[ 9 ].
In windsurfing, the most common causes of injuries were technical manoeuvres and unexpected wind gusts. For example, American football, motocross, and football soccer have injury rates of 36, 23, and 19 per h, respectively[ 14 - 16 ]. custom paper writing and envelopes For windsurfing, however, lower injury rates have been reported in retrospective studies. However, only still a small percentage of the athletes use protective equipment, as is shown in our study as well as previous studies[ 8 , 11 ]. Thus, each patient with any of these terms - also as part of another word - mentioned in the patient charts was identified.
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Biomechanical and physiological demands of kitesurfing and epidemiology of injury among kitesurfers. Picture of the popular spot at the North Sea on a typical day, showing windsurfers and kitesurfers mixed. Neville V, Folland JP.
However, the average experience and skills level were higher amongst windsurfers. The outcomes suggest that kitesurfing has a higher injury rate than windsurfing. Current research aims to further identify trauma mechanisms and provide handles for prevention. In both groups, the majority of injuries were relatively minor, with the highest prevalence in the lower extremities.
Br J Sports Med. You also need to tell us your academic level so our writers know the level of depth required for your paper. This may partially explain the fact that differences between groups concerning transport by ambulance, inpatient hospital stay and operative treatment did not reach statistical significance. Open in a separate window.